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2020年09月25日   星期五欢迎来到中国核能行业协会官网
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世界核协会发布最新版核燃料报告
时间: 2020年08月04日 来源:bb滚球王-官网APP下载 点击量: 1779 分享:

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1 核燃料报告简介

WNAYUEMEILIANGNIANFABUYICIYOUGUANHERANLIAOGONGXUDEBAOGAO,2019NIAN9YUEFABULEDI19BAN《HERANLIAOBAOGAO》。GAIKUOZHANZHAIYAOHANGAILEDI19BANBAOGAODEZHUYAOJIELUN,BINGJIESHILEBAOGAOZHONGZHENDUIWEILAIHERANLIAOSANZHONGGONGXUQINGJINGDEFANGFALUNHEJIASHE。

HERANLIAOSHICHANGDEYUNZUOFANGSHIYUQITANENGYUANSHICHANGJIERANBUTONG。HERANLIAOXUNHUANHENFUZA,SHOUXIANSHIYOUDEKAICAI,RANHOUBIXUJINXINGKAICAIHEYANMO、ZHUANHUA、NONGSUOHERANLIAOZHIZAODENGBUZHOUCAINENGZAIHEFANYINGDUIZHONGSHIYONG,ZUIHOUCONGFANYINGDUIZHONGYICHUDEHEFEIWUHAIYAOJINGGUOLINSHIZHUCUN、HOUCHULIHEHUISHOUYIJIFEIWUCHUZHIDENGBUZHOU。CONGLISHISHANGKAN,HEDIANDERANLIAOCHENGBENZAIZONGSHENGCHANCHENGBENZHONGJINZHANHENXIAODEBILI。RANLIAOCHENGBEN(BAOKUOYOU、ZHUANHUA、NONGSUOHEZHIZAODECHENGBEN)TONGCHANGBUDAOXIANDAIHEDIANZHANZONGDIANLICHENGBENDE20%,ERHUASHIRANLIAOFADIANCHANGDEDIANLICHENGBENGAODA80%。

HERANLIAODEGONGXUYUHEDIANDEFAZHANXIXIXIANGGUAN。MUQIANQUANQIUHEDIANZHANZONGDIANLISHENGCHANDE10%YISHANG,YUJIHEDIANJIANGJIXUZAIWEILAIDEDIANLIGONGYINGZHONGFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONG,ZHEIZHUYAOGUIGONGYUYIXIAYUANYIN:

(1)HEDIANCHANSHENGDEWENSHIQITIHEQITAWURANWUPAIFANGLIANGJIEJINYULING;

bb滚球王(2)HEDIANSHIYIZHONGKEKAOQIEANQUANDENENGYUAN,DUIYUGONGYEHUAGUOJIAHEQUEFABENTUNENGYUANDEGUOJIALAISHUOJIJUXIYINLI;

(3)YUHUASHINENGYUANHEQINGJIENENGYUANDEPINGZHUNHUADIANLICHENGBEN(LOCE)XIANGBI,HEDIANJUYOUZHANGYUANDECHENGBENJINGZHENGLI;

bb滚球王(4)HENENGDEKAIFAHELIYONGNENGGOUWEIGONGYEHERENLIZIYUANFANGMIANDAILAIZHONGDUOXIANGGUANLIYI。

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2 核燃料报告的主要发现

2.1 YOU

初级铀生产的过度供应导致铀价非常低,且铀价一直下降了十多年。造成这种情况的原因是: ①日本在2011年关闭了所有反应堆,而接下来的反应堆重启进程比预期的要慢得多;②美国、德国和其他一些西欧国家提前关闭了大量的反应堆;③取消了几个新建核电项目,另外,因全球金融危机使得全球经济放缓以及安全标准的修订,导致还有一些核电项目被延迟。这些不利的市场条件导致对铀矿开采新项目的投资急剧下降,同时还降低了现有矿山的生产力。

CONGZHANGQILAIKAN,CANKAOQINGJINGXIANSHIYOUXUQIULIANGDEFUHEPINGJUNZENGZHANGLV(CAGR)JIANGWENDINGZAI1.9%,ZHEIZHUYAOSHIYOUYUYUANDONGDIQUHEKUOJIANSUOZHI,SHIDEWEILAISHINIANDEYOUXUQIULIANGJIANGCHAOGUO80 000DUNYOU/NIAN。GAOXUQIULIANGQINGJINGJICAGRWEI3.4%QIEZAI15NIANNEIYOUXUQIULIANGFANYIFAN;DIXUQIULIANGQINGJINGJIYOUXUQIULIANGKEJIBENGONGXIANYOUFANYINGDUIYUNXINGBINGZHICHIDANGQIANSHENGCHANSHESHIYUNYING。

YOUYUZIYUANKUJIE,YUJIJIANGYOUJIZUOYOUKUANGZAI21SHIJI20NIANDAIMOGUANBI,ZHEIJIANGXUYAOTONGGUOZHONGQIXIANZHICHANNENGHUOQIDONGXINXIANGMULAIDAITIGUANBIDECHANNENG。WULUNSHIZAICANKAO、GAOXUQIULIANGHUODIXUQIULIANGQINGJINGXIA,CONGZHANGYUANLAIKAN,HEGONGYEDOUXUYAOZAI2040NIANQIANJIANGQIXIANYOU、XIANZHI、ZHENGZAIKAIFA、JIHUAHEQIANZAIXIANGMUDEJICHUSHESHIZHISHAOFANYIFAN。XIANRAN,MUQIANDEKUOZHANXIANGMU、YOUZIYUANHECHUBEIXIANGMUZUYIMANZUZHEIYIMUBIAO。BIAO1HEBIAO2FENBIESHIJIEZHI2018NIANNIANDIQUANQIUXIANYOUYOUKUANGXIANGMU、XIANZHIYOUKUANGXIANGMUDECHANNENGFENBUQINGKUANG;BIAO3HEBIAO4FENBIESHIDUIQUANQIUZHENGZAIKAIFA、JIHUAHEQIANZAIYOUKUANGXIANGMUYIJICHUBEIXIANGMUDEYUGUCHANNENGFENBUQINGKUANG。

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2.2 ERCIYOUGONGYING

ERCIYOUGONGYINGKENENGHUIJIXUBAOCHIGAOSHUIPING,DANCONG21SHIJI30NIANDAICHUKAISHI,ERCIYOUGONGYINGZHANYOUGONGYINGZONGLIANGDEBIZHIJIANGZHUJIANJIANGDI,CONGMUQIANDEYUE10 000DUNYOU/NIANZHUJIANJIANSHAODAO5 000~7 000DUNYOU/NIAN。

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2.3 YOUZHUANHUA

YOUZHUANHUAFANGMIANZUIYOUKENENGCHUXIANYIXIASANZHONGGONGXUQINGJING:

(1)DUANQINEI,JUYOUHENQIANGLIUDONGXINGDEERCIYOUGONGYINGJIANGXIAOCHUYICIYOUGONGXUZHIJIANDECHAJU。YINWEIDANGQIANQINGKUANGXIA,RANLIAOGOUMAIZHEYANZHONGYILAIYUKUCUNYOULAIMANZUQIXUQIU。

(2)CONGZHONGQILAIKAN,YUJIXIANZHICHANNENGJIANGGENJUSHICHANGXUQIUFANGDEXUQIUZHUJIANHUIFU。

(3)CONGZHANGQILAIKAN,SHICHANGKENENGXUYAOZAIXIANYOUSHESHIHUOZHEXINJIANZHUANHUACHANGDEJICHUSHANGKUODAYOUZHUANHUACHANNENG。

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2.4 YOUNONGSUO

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YOUNONGSUOGONGYINGSHANGHAISHITUTONGGUOBUTIHUANDADAOYUNXINGSHOUQIDELIXINJILAIJIANSHAOXIANYOUYOUNONGSUORONGLIANG。GUOSHENGDEQUANQIUYOUNONGSUOCHANNENGJIANGYONGYUNONGSUOCHANGJIANLIAOHEPINYOUWEIKUANGZAINONGSUO,ZHEIDAOZHIMEINIANZENGJIAYUE5 000~7 000DUNYOUDANGLIANGDENONGSUOYOU。

2.5 RANLIAOZHIZAO

YOUYURANLIAOZUJIANSHIGAODUGONGCHENGHUAHEJISHUHUADETESHUCHANPIN,SUOYIRANLIAOZHIZAOSHICHANGMINGXIANBUTONGYUHERANLIAOXUNHUANDEQITAJIEDUAN。ZAIZHE,RANLIAOZHIZAOSHICHANGBENSHENGENGJUYOUQUYUXINGERFEIQUANQIUXING。CIWAI,RANLIAOGONGYINGYINGGAIFENWEISHOUDUIRANLIAOHEHUANLIAOLIANGLEI,YINWEIZHEILIANGLEIRANLIAOGONGYINGGEJUTEDIAN。ZHEIYANGDEJIEGUOSHI,RANLIAOZHIZAOSHICHANGJIANGANZHAOQUYUHEJISHUJINXINGXIFEN,CONGERDAOZHIDUIGAISHICHANGDEFENXIGENGJIAFUZAHUA。

CONGLISHISHANGKAN,BUGUANSHIZAIQUYUHAISHIGUOJIAFANWEI,RANLIAOZHIZAOSHICHANGZHONGBUTONGDEGONGYINGSHANGHEZHIZAOSHANGZHIJIANDOUCUNZAIZHEJILIEDEJINGZHENG。QUANQIURANLIAOZHIZAONENGLICHAOGUOLEXUQIU,DUIYUDADUOSHUQUYUYESHIRUCI。LINGWAI,SUIZHEYAZHOUHERANLIAOXUQIUDEZENGJIAYIJIXIFANGGUOJIAHERANLIAOXUQIUDEJIANSHAO,RANLIAOGONGYINGSHANGKENENGHUICONGQUYUSHICHANGZHUANXIANGQUANQIUSHICHANG。ZHEIJIANGYOUZHUYURANLIAOGONGXUPINGHENG,BINGTIGAORANLIAOGONGYINGDEJINGZHENGXINGHEANQUANXING。

3 HEXIEJIHUA

和谐是全球核工业对未来电力的愿景。为了满足全球对可靠、经济和清洁电力不断增长的需求,未来所有低碳能源都有必要成为多样化混合结构能源的组成部分。和谐的目标是要将核能发电量提高至目前水平的三倍,到2050年,核电占总电力的百分比至少达到25%。这相当于到2050年核电装机容量将达到1 250 GWe,其中包括约1 000 GWe新的核电装机容量。

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