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世界核协会发布最新版核燃料报告
时间: 2020年08月04日 来源:bb滚球王-官网APP下载 点击量: 2413 分享:

shijiehexiehui(wna)yu2020nian6yuefabulezuixinban《heranliaobaogaokuozhanzhaiyao: 2019~2040nianquanqiugongqiuqingkuang》。gaikuozhanzhaiyaoyuceleheranliaoxunhuanbutongjieduandegongxuqingkuang,bingduijinhou20nianneihediandefazhanjinxingleyuce。

1 核燃料报告简介

wnayuemeiliangnianfabuyiciyouguanheranliaogongxudebaogao,2019nian9yuefabuledi19ban《heranliaobaogao》。gaikuozhanzhaiyaohangailedi19banbaogaodezhuyaojielun,bingjieshilebaogaozhongzhenduiweilaiheranliaosanzhonggongxuqingjingdefangfalunhejiashe。

heranliaoshichangdeyunzuofangshiyuqitanengyuanshichangjieranbutong。heranliaoxunhuanhenfuza,shouxianshiyoudekaicai,ranhoubixujinxingkaicaiheyanmo、zhuanhua、nongsuoheranliaozhizaodengbuzhoucainengzaihefanyingduizhongshiyong,zuihoucongfanyingduizhongyichudehefeiwuhaiyaojingguolinshizhucun、houchulihehuishouyijifeiwuchuzhidengbuzhou。conglishishangkan,hedianderanliaochengbenzaizongshengchanchengbenzhongjinzhanhenxiaodebili。ranliaochengben(baokuoyou、zhuanhua、nongsuohezhizaodechengben)tongchangbudaoxiandaihedianzhanzongdianlichengbende20%,erhuashiranliaofadianchangdedianlichengbengaoda80%。

bb滚球王heranliaodegongxuyuhediandefazhanxixixiangguan。muqianquanqiuhedianzhanzongdianlishengchande10%yishang,yujihedianjiangjixuzaiweilaidedianligongyingzhongfahuizhongyaozuoyong,zheizhuyaoguigongyuyixiayuanyin:

(1)hedianchanshengdewenshiqitiheqitawuranwupaifangliangjiejinyuling;

bb滚球王(2)hedianshiyizhongkekaoqieanquandenengyuan,duiyugongyehuaguojiahequefabentunengyuandeguojialaishuojijuxiyinli;

bb滚球王(3)yuhuashinengyuanheqingjienengyuandepingzhunhuadianlichengben(loce)xiangbi,hedianjuyouzhangyuandechengbenjingzhengli;

(4)henengdekaifaheliyongnenggouweigongyeherenliziyuanfangmiandailaizhongduoxiangguanliyi。

jinguanhedianjuyouzheixieyoushi,qirengranmianlinzhelaiziqitadianliziyuandejingzhengtiaozhan,youqishizaidangqianshejibuguifanyijichixucunzaijianguanhezhengzhizhangaidedianlishichangzhong。ciwai,dianlixuqiudezengzhangsuduyijingfangman,tebieshizaineixieyijingjianyouhediandeguojia。raner,xuduofazhanzhongguojiadehegongyeshilirengranjianting,yinci,zheixieguojiajiangyouwangshixiandabufendehedianzhuangjirongliangzengzhang。

2 核燃料报告的主要发现

2.1 you

初级铀生产的过度供应导致铀价非常低,且铀价一直下降了十多年。造成这种情况的原因是: ①日本在2011年关闭了所有反应堆,而接下来的反应堆重启进程比预期的要慢得多;②美国、德国和其他一些西欧国家提前关闭了大量的反应堆;③取消了几个新建核电项目,另外,因全球金融危机使得全球经济放缓以及安全标准的修订,导致还有一些核电项目被延迟。这些不利的市场条件导致对铀矿开采新项目的投资急剧下降,同时还降低了现有矿山的生产力。

congzhangqilaikan,cankaoqingjingxianshiyouxuqiuliangdefuhepingjunzengzhanglv(cagr)jiangwendingzai1.9%,zheizhuyaoshiyouyuyuandongdiquhekuojiansuozhi,shideweilaishiniandeyouxuqiuliangjiangchaoguo80 000dunyou/nian。gaoxuqiuliangqingjingjicagrwei3.4%qiezai15nianneiyouxuqiuliangfanyifan;dixuqiuliangqingjingjiyouxuqiuliangkejibengongxianyoufanyingduiyunxingbingzhichidangqianshengchansheshiyunying。

bb滚球王youyuziyuankujie,yujijiangyoujizuoyoukuangzai21shiji20niandaimoguanbi,zheijiangxuyaotongguozhongqixianzhichannenghuoqidongxinxiangmulaidaitiguanbidechanneng。wulunshizaicankao、gaoxuqiulianghuodixuqiuliangqingjingxia,congzhangyuanlaikan,hegongyedouxuyaozai2040nianqianjiangqixianyou、xianzhi、zhengzaikaifa、jihuaheqianzaixiangmudejichusheshizhishaofanyifan。xianran,muqiandekuozhanxiangmu、youziyuanhechubeixiangmuzuyimanzuzheiyimubiao。biao1hebiao2fenbieshijiezhi2018nianniandiquanqiuxianyouyoukuangxiangmu、xianzhiyoukuangxiangmudechannengfenbuqingkuang;biao3hebiao4fenbieshiduiquanqiuzhengzaikaifa、jihuaheqianzaiyoukuangxiangmuyijichubeixiangmudeyuguchannengfenbuqingkuang。

muqian,zhuyaowentirengranshigongguoyuqiuyijijiaodideshichangjiage,shidehenshaoyoucanyuzhenenggouhuoyuanyitouzijiangzheixieziyuanzhuanhuaweichubei,bingzuizhongkaifachengyoukuangxiangmuyibaochishichangpingheng。yixieguojiazhengzaishishiguoqizhanlvefazhanjihua,danrengranquefajuyougudingjiagedezhangqihetong,erzheiyangdehetongzhengshizhichengshichangzhudaogongsijinxingxinxiangmutouzisuoxude。

2.2 erciyougongying

erciyougongyingkenenghuijixubaochigaoshuiping,dancong21shiji30niandaichukaishi,erciyougongyingzhanyougongyingzongliangdebizhijiangzhujianjiangdi,congmuqiandeyue10 000dunyou/nianzhujianjianshaodao5 000~7 000dunyou/nian。

chuleyiquedingdeerciyougongyingliang,haicunzaidaliangweichamingdeerciyougongying,qizhongbaokuodianligongsi、shengchanshangheqitashichangcanyuzhesuochiyoudeshangyekucunyou。yinweishangyeminganxing,zheixiekucunyoudeliangwufabeizhunqueguji,dantamenkeyilijibeizhijiexiaofeihuoyongyuzhuanshou。yujiduanqihuozhongqidesuoyouyougongyingquekoudoujiangyoushangyekucunyoudedaobuchong。zuoweierciyougongyingdezhuyaozuchengbufen,shangyekucunyouzaishichangzhongbanyanzheyuelaiyuezhongyaodejiaose,yinweixuduocanyuzheshitucongdangqianyouheyounongsuodedijiagezhonghuoli,jinerdadazengjialeyoudeshangyekucunliang。

2.3 youzhuanhua

youzhuanhuafangmianzuiyoukenengchuxianyixiasanzhonggongxuqingjing:

(1)duanqinei,juyouhenqiangliudongxingdeerciyougongyingjiangxiaochuyiciyougongxuzhijiandechaju。yinweidangqianqingkuangxia,ranliaogoumaizheyanzhongyilaiyukucunyoulaimanzuqixuqiu。

(2)congzhongqilaikan,yujixianzhichannengjianggenjushichangxuqiufangdexuqiuzhujianhuifu。

(3)congzhangqilaikan,shichangkenengxuyaozaixianyousheshihuozhexinjianzhuanhuachangdejichushangkuodayouzhuanhuachanneng。

weilekuodayiciyouzhuanhuachanneng,huoshizai2030nianzhiqianzhengmingxinxiangmujuyouhelidejingjixing,bixuchuxianyixiarenyiyizhongqingkuang: ①chuxianzuileguandexuqiuqingjing;②congzhongqilaikan,youyujishuhuojianguanfangmiandekunnan,xianzhichannengwufagenjushichangxuqiuerhuifu;③youzhuanhuashichangkenengchuxianzhuyaozhuanhuasheshiyiwaizhangqiguanbideqingkuang;④zhongguo“zijizizu”deyouzhuanhuagongyingjihuameiyoushixian。

zongdelaishuo,youyuyiciyouzhuanhuachannengjiangdieryanzhongyilaikucunyou,kucunyouyexiangyingjianshaole。zaizhongduanqineihaojinzheixiekucunyouzhihou,shichangyinggulizhongqixianzhichanneng,kenengdehuahaiyaokuojianhuoxinjianyouzhuanhuachang。

2.4 younongsuo

bb滚球王yujizai2019~2040nianqijianyounongsuoxuqiujiangsuizheqianzaixinjianhedianxiangmuerzengzhang,zhuyaoshizaiyazhouhezhongdongyixieguojia,tebieshizhongguoheyindu。jinguanruci,xianyoudeyounongsuochannengsihuzuyiyingfuzengzhangdeyounongsuoxuqiu。ciwai,youyudangqianyounongsuoshichanggongguoyuqiu,zhuyaogongyingshangyijingtuichi、yanqihuofangqixindeyounongsuoxiangmu(zheixiexiangmuzaizaoqi《heranliaobaogao》zhongyijingjieshaoguo)。

younongsuogongyingshanghaishitutongguobutihuandadaoyunxingshouqidelixinjilaijianshaoxianyouyounongsuorongliang。guoshengdequanqiuyounongsuochannengjiangyongyunongsuochangjianliaohepinyouweikuangzainongsuo,zheidaozhimeinianzengjiayue5 000~7 000dunyoudangliangdenongsuoyou。

2.5 ranliaozhizao

bb滚球王youyuranliaozujianshigaodugongchenghuahejishuhuadeteshuchanpin,suoyiranliaozhizaoshichangmingxianbutongyuheranliaoxunhuandeqitajieduan。zaizhe,ranliaozhizaoshichangbenshengengjuyouquyuxingerfeiquanqiuxing。ciwai,ranliaogongyingyinggaifenweishouduiranliaohehuanliaolianglei,yinweizheiliangleiranliaogongyinggejutedian。zheiyangdejieguoshi,ranliaozhizaoshichangjianganzhaoquyuhejishujinxingxifen,congerdaozhiduigaishichangdefenxigengjiafuzahua。

conglishishangkan,buguanshizaiquyuhaishiguojiafanwei,ranliaozhizaoshichangzhongbutongdegongyingshanghezhizaoshangzhijiandoucunzaizhejiliedejingzheng。quanqiuranliaozhizaonenglichaoguolexuqiu,duiyudaduoshuquyuyeshiruci。lingwai,suizheyazhouheranliaoxuqiudezengjiayijixifangguojiaheranliaoxuqiudejianshao,ranliaogongyingshangkenenghuicongquyushichangzhuanxiangquanqiushichang。zheijiangyouzhuyuranliaogongxupingheng,bingtigaoranliaogongyingdejingzhengxingheanquanxing。

3 hexiejihua

和谐是全球核工业对未来电力的愿景。为了满足全球对可靠、经济和清洁电力不断增长的需求,未来所有低碳能源都有必要成为多样化混合结构能源的组成部分。和谐的目标是要将核能发电量提高至目前水平的三倍,到2050年,核电占总电力的百分比至少达到25%。这相当于到2050年核电装机容量将达到1 250 GWe,其中包括约1 000 GWe新的核电装机容量。

bb滚球王hexiejihuademubiaokansixiongxinbobo,danqishishikeyishixiande。weiledadaozheiyimubiao,shiquanqiupingjunqiwenshangshengfudubaochizai2 ℃yinei,xuyaozaiweilaishinianneijiangxinjianhedianzhandeshuliangxunsutishengzhiniandubingwangzhuangjirongliangda33 gwe,yu20shiji80niandaiyiyouhedianshuipingxiangdang。

shixianhexiejihuademubiaojiangyiweizhehedianjizushuliangjiangchaoguogaoxuqiuliangqingjingzhonggaishudejizushuliang。chufeizaizheiduanshijianneifanyingduijishufashenggenbenxingdegaige,fouzejiangduiyouziyuan、younongsuo、ranliaozhizao、ranliaoyunshuhefaranliaodengbbgunqiuwangchanshenggengdaxuqiu。

bb滚球王zhengruguoqujishiniansuozhengmingdeneiyang,zairenhecaikuanggongyezhong(lirushiyouhetianranqigongye),kantanhekaicaijishudouhuisuizheshijiandetuiyierbuduangaijin。yujihediandekuozhangyeshiruci,suizhekuozhangdejinxing,gengduoewaidefeichuantongyouziyuanjiangdadakuochongyizhideyouchuliang。congzhangyuanlaikan,kaifaxianjinduijiqiranliaoxunhuanjishukeyishimeidunyouchanshenggengduodenengyuan。

youziyuanbutaikenengchengweizuaihejihuakuozhangdeyinsu。danshi,zaiquefashidangjilicuoshideqingkuangxia,wufabaozhengshichangshangnenghuodechongzudeyougongying。zaiweilaijishinianzhong,xiangyaotongguokaifaxindekuangshanlaiqudaixianyoudeyihaojindekuangshanbingkuodazhengtishengchannengli,zheijiangxuyaodaliangtouzi。ciwai,xinkuangshandexukehekaifatongchangshizaibianyuandiqu,zheikenengyaohuafeihenduonianshijian。jinguanruci,zaihexiejihuazhong,shixianhediankuozhansuoxudeshijianzugouzhang,buguanshiyongyuyouchubeidekaifahaishiranliaoxunhuansheshidekuorong,junyouzugoushijianlaitigongshidangdeshichangxinhao,shidezheixiesheshinenggouanzhaoxuyaoheshijianbiaojinxingkaifahejiaofu。


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