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2020年11月26日   星期四欢迎来到中国核能行业协会官网
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智库语林
人工智能、网络空间对国家核安全的影响
时间: 2020年07月17日 来源:bb滚球王-官网APP下载 点击量: 3489 分享:

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新技术给国家核安全带来威胁

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人工智能与网络结合产生强大的作战能力

bb滚球王suizherengongzhinengxunmengfazhanhejunshizidonghuachengduderiyizengqiang,weilaiwangluokongjianlingyugongfangzuozhandesudu、liliangheguimojiangbuduankuoda,qinenglijianggengjiaqiangda。danfengcideshi,rengongzhinengjishushibashuangrenjian,zaitishengwangluoanquandetongshi,yekenengranggongjizheliyonggaijishubuzhuogengduoxitongloudong,congeranzhongcaozongwangluo,huozheganraowangluo。

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bb滚球王sishirengongzhinengkeyixiezhuyingduiwangluogongji。youqirengongzhinengjiqixuexichuangjianledaliangbaoguideshujuheqingbaoku,yuwangluojiehexingchengqiangdadeliliangbeizengqi,nenggouyingduiriyizengzhangde、fuzade、nimingdehekenengdeduoyuwangluogongjixingwei。

人工智能与网络如何保护美国国家核安全

bb滚球王meiguodeyixieguojiaanquanguanyuanxiangxin,rengongzhinengzuoweililiangbeizengqi,yingyongyugongjixinghefangyuxingwangluowuqi,jiangjiwangluoanquandailaibiangexingyingxiang,queshinenggoutishenggaishanheanquan。

yishirengongzhinengyuwangluojishudeyikuaisufazhan。jinnianlai,suizhejiqixuexijishudefazhan,jiejuelerengongzhinenglingyudeyixiejishupingjingwenti,shiguangfanyingyongdewurenwuqixitonghewangluoxitongdexingnengdedaoxianzhutisheng,zhengtongguoxuduozhongfangshigaibianheanquan,duiguojiadewangluoanquanhezhanlvewendingchanshengzhengmiandeyingxiang。

ershirengongzhinengkeyitishengjunduiyingduiwangluogongjidenengli。rengongzhinengwangluofangyugongju(huozhechengfanrengongzhinenggongju),qimudezaiyushibiewangluoxingweimoshidebianhua,jiancewangluoyichangheruanjiandaimaloudong,chazhaozhongyaodezhengju,zhuizongbingquedinggongjizhedeshenfen。erliyongrengongzhinengjiqixuexijishu(rushenduxuexijishu),keyijishifaxianzhengchangwangluohuodongchuxiandepiancha,xiezhujianligengjialaogudefangxian,diyuwangluoruqin,baohuguojiaheanquan。

sanshiliyongrengongzhinengjishukaifazhudongxingwangluogongju。zaiduimeiguohexitongjijifangyudetongshi,guojiayekeyiyunyongrengongzhinengjishu,kaifaduikangxingrengongzhinengwuqi,yijiaqiangwangluoanquan,birumeijumubiaokongjianhuozhezhongxinfengzhuangeyiruanjian,yiguibiduishouduibbgunqiuwangfangwangluohexitongjinxingzhencehuozhegongji,bingqienengzhudongduiduishoukaizhanwangluofanzhihegongjixingdong。ciwai,renmenhairenwei,tongguowangluogongji(jiqipian、ruqin、caozongyushuziganrao)shentouduifangdehewuqixitong,keyipohuaiqitongxinxitong,bingzuizhong(qieduifangkenenggenbenbuzhidao)huoquheyufeihezhihuikongzhixitongdekongzhiquan。

sishimeiguojunfangzheshouyanfarengongzhinengwangluofangyugongju。zhengshikaolvdaorengongzhinengdeqiangdaliliang,meiguoguofangbuguofangchuangxinzuzhengzaikaifayikuanchengxu,liyongrengongzhinengjishupojiegaocengjizhanlvewenti,huizhishijiangailvliantiao,zhidingbeiyongzhanlve,shiguofangbuxitongzaizaoshourengongzhinengwangluogongjishinenggoukuaisuhuifu,erqiexitongpeizhiheguzhangxiufudesudukeyibirenzuodegengkuaigenghao。


人工智能与网络相结合给美国国家核安全带来的威胁

jiangrengongzhinengjishufuyuwangluozhong,huidaozhiduishoushiyongeyiruanjian,caiqumimixingdong、qipian、jimoudengshouduan,kongzhi、caozonghuoqipianhewangluoxitong,congerweixieguojiaheanquan。jinqiduiliangyongyujingxitongchenggongshishiwangluogongjidebaogaoyebiaoming,hezhihui、kongzhiyutongxinxitong(nc3)zaoshouwangluoruqindecaicezhengzaikuaisubianweixianshi。

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sishirengongzhinengyuwangluojiehekenengdaozhijuecefuzahua。rengongzhineng、5gwangluozhichixiadejiqixuexi、dashujufenxihechuanganjishu,zhenduijijiangdaolaideweixie,nenggouyigengkuaidesuduhegenggaodejingduxiangzhihuiguanfachuyujing,jianshaozaimingandezhihuikongzhihuanjiefashengshigu。raner,jishujieheyedaozhiliangzhongfengxianbingcun。qiyi,rengongzhinengjiqixuexizuoweiwangluogongjixingweideliliangbeizengqi,shiyixiegongjixingweigengjiananyufaxian,rushujuzhongduqipian、shenduweizhuang、shujukongzhi、wangluoruqin、shuziganraodeng,youqishiwangluogongjizhezaidiancipinpuduikanghuanjingzhongshiyongzheixiexianjindechixuxingweixiegongju。qier,zaibunengchenggongfaxianwangluogongjixingweideqingkuangxia,yijiqisuduquerenweixieyuan(huozhegongjishuxing)jihushibukenengde。yinci,dangweijifashengshi,ruguoyigeguojiameiyounenglipandinggongjizhedeyitu,kenenghuidechuduifangdegongjixingdongshijihuapohuaiqiheweishedejielun,congeryingxiangjuece。ciwai,ruguobulejierengongzhinengxitongruhefuzhuxitongzuochujuece,kenenghuidaozhicaozuorenyuanduixitongdexingnenghuozhexinxinguoman,huozhexinxinbuzu,yehuidaozhijuecefuzahua。

wushirengongzhinengdejishushangbuchengshu。youyurengongzhinengjiqixuexixitongxuyaotongguogaozhiliangdeshujujilaixunlianyanzhengtamendesuanfa,yincisuizhichanshengyigewenti,ruguojiang“zhongdu”shujuzhuruxunlianshujuji,huidaozhizheixierengongzhinengjiqixuexixitongyirenmenbuxiwangdehekenengwufajiancedefangshiyunxing。chufeizhongzhixitongdejiqixuexisuanfa,fouzezaishijiyingyongjieduan,xitongkenengxuexidaoyixierenmenbuyuanyirangqixuexideneirong,shenzhizhixingyixieshejizhebuqiwangqiquzhixingdegongzuohuorenwu。yinci,zheijiushiweishenmezaiwuqixitongfangmian,muqianrenmendaduojiangrengongzhinengjiqixuexixiandingzaishiyanyanjiulingyudezhuyaoyuanyinzhiyi。


虚拟案例剖析

weilepouxirengongzhineng、wangluo、heanquansanzhezhijiandebianzhengguanxi,zuozheyirengongzhinengshenduweizaoheqipianjishuweilanben,goushexunihuanjing,jiaxiangledisanfangjieruhuofeidisanfangjieruliangzhongzhuangkuang,yinrengongzhinengwangluogongjixingdongzaochengguojiajianweijijushiwuduanshengjidemonianli。

虚构案例一: 深度伪装攻击

weileshandonglianggediduiguojiafashengchongtu,aguotongguodailiheikezhizaoshenduweizhuangdeshipinhuoyinpincailiao,miaohuibguogaojijunshizhihuiguanzhengmimouduicguofadongxianfazhirendaji。ranhou,youyixiangcguorengongzhinengqingbaosoujifenxixitongxielouzheixieweizaodeyinshipincailiao,jinucguobujizhanlvehouguojiangjushishengji。bguozaishoudaoxianfazhirendajideweixiexia,caiqubaofuxinggongjixingdongzuoweihuiying。

zaizheigexunianlizhong,suiranliangguoweijijushishengjihuijingguoshensishulv,danshi,youyurengongzhinengjishudejieru,zaijingguodisanfangliliangkeyideheqipianxingyunyong,rongyidaozhiguojiajianchanshengchongtu,zengjiaanquanfengxian。

虚构案例二: 欺骗攻击

bb滚球王aguocaiqurengongzhinengjishu,duibguojiyurengongzhinengjishudewurenchuanganqipingtaihezidongshibiemubiaoxitongkaizhaneyiwangluoqipiangongji。tongguozheizhongfangshi,bguomubiaozidongshibiewuqixitongcuowudijiangminyongduixiang(rushangyefeiji)shibieweijunshimubiao。youyuxinxideqipianxingyijiguanlirenyuandewuneng,bguomeiyoujishichazhizheixiejiaxiangbingcaiquzhengquecuoshi,yiwaidihefeizhuguanyiyuandishiliangguojushishengji。

zheigefeidisanfangjierudeanlibingfeipingkongxiangxiang。rengongzhinengzhuanjiayijingyanzheng,youyujishu、guanlidengduozhongyuanyin,shenzhidangshujuzhunquedizairengongzhinengtuxiangshibieruanjianshangchengxianshi,xitonghaijingchangrenweizheixieyouxiaomubiaobingbucunzai。ciwai,ruguoshujujizaodaoxuyipohuaibingchanshengcuowuhouguo(biruzaizuozhanqijiangongjicuowumubiaohuozhewudaotongmengguodeng),zaijiashangduirengongzhinengsuanfarenshibuzu,bulejiegaijishuzaitedingpanduanhejuecezhongdediwei、zuoyong、yunxingjizhi,kenengshizhihuiguanhennandingxiarenwujuexin。

对人工智能技术的有关思考及建议

bb滚球王yishirengongzhinengjishujuyouzhongyaoyiyi。suiranmuqianrengongzhinengjishujinchuyuchushijieduan,danqiduiwangluoanquan、heanquanheguojiaanquanfeichangzhongyao。suizherengongzhinengjishudekuaisufazhan,guojiabujinyaojijiyanjiuheshiyongzheiyiriyiqiangdadejishu,tongshihaiyaoliyongzheiyijishubaozhenggongminanquan。

bb滚球王ershikeguanrenshirengongzhinengjishumianlindezhuduotiaozhan。zheixietiaozhanyinsubaokuo: riyizengduodeweixieguojiahezhihui、kongzhiyutongxinxitonganquandegongjigongju;xinyidaijijupohuaixingderengongzhinengfunengwangluogongjinengli(shenduweizhuang、qipianxingwei、xianjindezidongchixuweixiegongjudeng);rengongzhinengwangluogongjiyufangyudejiexianbiandemohu;zaitishengrengongzhinengjishudetiaojianxia,zaijingzhengheduikangdediyuanzhanlvehuanjingzhong,wangluonenglijuyoubuquedingxinghezhanlvemohuxing。

bb滚球王sanshituijinrengongzhinengyoulilunxiangshijianzhuanbian。guoquhenzhangyiduanshijian,rengongzhinengduiheanquandeyingxianghendachengdushangtingliuzaililuncengmian。danshisuizhejishufazhanheguojiaanquanzhanlvebianhua,muqianxuyaocaiqujijideganyucuoshi,jianshaobingguanlirengongzhinengsuodailaideqianzaibuwendingyinsuhekenengzengjiadefengxian。tongshi,suizhejishuriyichengshu,jijikaifayunyongrengongzhinengjishu,bangzhuguojiaxianfazhirendiyingduirengongzhinengwangluogongji,jianshaowuqixitongzaoshougongjidefengxian,shirengongzhinengweiguojiazhanlvewendingtigongzhicheng。

sishidongyonggefangliliangtishengrengongzhinengjishubingshixianxianghuronghe。weileshixianrengongzhineng、wangluojishu、hezhihuikongzhisanzhezhijiandeyouxiaojiehe,jianyizhengfu、guofangjigou、xueshujiehesiyingqiyebumenyinggaigongtongnuli,cushirengongzhinengjishushendurongruwangluokongjianyuheanquanlingyu,tishengwangluoanquanheheanquannengli。




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